Crc 990 / EFForTS project is an international research collaboration between Bogor Agricultural University, Jambi University,  Tadulako University and Goettingen University, Germany. The topic of this research collaboration is to examine the socio-economic, and ecological impacts of land use change  of forest ecosystems compared to oil palm, rubber plantations and rubber forests. This research collaboration was conducted in Jambi and planned for 12 years divided into 3 phases. The first phase starts in 2012.