IPB News Update Fisheries and Marine Science February 2022

IPB University’s Efforts of Coral Reef Restoration in Indonesian Islands through Transplantation and Education

IPB University’s Department of Marine Science and Technology and Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies have made various efforts to rehabilitate coral reefs in Indonesian islands through transplantation methods and education. This program has shown great results with a survival rate of 80% for transplanted corals and successful implementation of the IPB University School of Coral Restoration.

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To save the health of Indonesian coral reefs, IPB University’s Department of Marine Science and Technology (ITK) and Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies (CCMRS), have made various efforts including education and raising awareness, as well as transplantation of corals in Mandangin Island, Madura. Coral transplantation is done by taking a part of live corals which are then planted in damaged areas to save the coral population in that location.

Three months post-transplantation, the coral reef transplanted in Candin Island and Mandangin Island in Sampang Madura Regency, have reached a survival rate of 80%. Based on observation and measurement, it has been found that even with the relatively cloudy water transparency, the transplanted reef was not covered by algae which could have inhibited the growth of these reefs. Budi Prabowo, CCMRS Diver, explained that the reef is in relatively good condition, and undisturbed by fishing gears. The reef has also attracted several iconic aquatic creatures including ornamental fishes and nudibranch.

These findings shine hope on the future of coral reef rehabilitation in Mandangin Island. Together with the Youth Observers of Coral Reef in Mandangin Island, other modules are being developed to further enrich the coral reef population and variety in Mandangin waters.

To increase the students’ knowledge of coral reefs and scientific studies on the topic, IPB University’s Department of Marine Science and Technology has invited two experienced speakers in the School of Coral Restoration (SCORES) 2021 educational program. Nurhalis Wahidin from Khairun University (UNKHAIR), Ternate, and Firli Rahman, coral reef researcher from Oceanara, a research institution for the conservation of marine biota.

Wahidin presented about the restoration efforts of the UNKHAIR Center of Marine Studies in collaboration with PT. Indonesia Weda Bay Industrial Park – IWIP, initiated in 2019 for the coral reefs in Halmahera Coast. The restoration began with Focus Group Discussion and monitoring, continued with skill upgrading for the restoration process itself. The process continued with monitoring, guidance from the institution, and evaluation.

The biggest challenge in the implementation of this effort is in recruiting volunteers from the surrounding villages, shown by the participation of only 1 local youth out of the 6 recruited volunteers. Rahman faced a different problem in the Thousand Islands where he is part of a research team which studies restoration efforts of coral reefs in the islands. The type of coral used in transplantation efforts is Arcopora Branching, transplanted using the shelfing method, con block method, and hexagonal structure. Based on Rahman’s observation, there are alternative methods with high suitability to the needs of the restoration concept which is unfortunately not permanently concepted.

The goal of coral reef restoration is in the end about sustainability for its communities, as with SDG #14: Life Under Water. Which is why youth researchers at Oceanara is working towards establishing scientific tourism. Budi Prabowo of CCMRS also conveyed a similar message of how coral reef rehabilitation could support the villages if properly developed into marine ecotourism. Dr Hawis Madduppa, Head of IPB’s ITK Department and expert on coral reef, emphasized the importance of all those involved to be educated on coral restoration so that it is deeply integrated into the community, ensuring marine sustainability for future generations to come.

 

Prof Hefni Effendi Achieves Best Presenter Award at the International Conference for Fisheries and Marine Sustainability 2022

Professor of IPB University’s Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Prof Hefni Effendi, has achieved the Best Presenter Award at the International Conference for Fisheries and Marine Sustainability 2022 for his presentation on “Rapid Assessment of Marine Plankton Community Structure During Oil Spill”. The research is a collaboration between IPB University’s Center for Environmental Sciences (PPLH) and Pertamina Hulu Energy Offshore West Java.

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Prof Hefni Effendi has been awarded with the prestigious Best Presenter Award at the International Conference for Fisheries and Marine Sustainability 2022 held by Padjadjaran University, Bandung. At this conference, Prof Hefni, Professor of IPB University’s Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, presented his research titled “Rapid Assessment of Marine Plankton Community Structure During Oil Spill”. The research is the result of a collaboration between IPB University’s Center for Environmental Sciences (PPLH) and Pertamina Hulu Energy Offshore West Java (PHE ONWJ). Prof Hefni explained that the collaboration between PPLH and PHE ONWJ stays within the umbrella of multidisciplinary collaboration which studies the effects of the oil spill incident North of Karawang.

The observed planktons included phytoplankton and zooplankton. The community structure is revealed in the form of abundance and number of taxa at each observation station. The stability of the community is seen in the Shannon-Wiener diversity index, the equitability index, and dominance index. On the other hand, to analyze the similarities of findings between observation stations, Prof Hefni applied the method of dendrogram clustering to obtain results of the highest similarity based on community structure.

This study was done by PPLH in response to an ongoing oil spill incident at sea to evaluate the extent and effects of oil exposure on the plankton community structure. Based on the current results obtained through quick evaluation, there appears to have not been any significant impact of this incidence to the plankton community. This relates to the characteristic of oil itself which stays above ocean surface due to its lower density compared to sea water. Spilled oil was also brought to the beach by waves, currents, and tide. While planktons are found floating in the ocean’s water columns.

Prof Hefni explained that at the time of sample collection, the floating oil spill was not prevalent as it has been handled by officers who localized the spilled oil. Analysis results show that there is no indication of a certain kind of phytoplankton of zooplankton which is dominant or blooming. Diversity also shows good stability. There was also no mass death of plankton found due to this incident. From the dendrogram evaluation between stations, similarities are relatively high. Observation of the plankton community structure will be reconducted after a certain period of time.

Prof Hefni also added that the researched aspects in this research does not only include planktons, but also environmental aspects such as ecosystems (mangrove, coral reefs, seagrass fields), catch fishing especially one day fishing, aquaculture (intensive and traditional shrimp farming, milkfish farming), groups involved in processing and distribution of fishery products, beach tourism, sand condition, water quality, sediment quality, air quality, public health, and environmental health.

Two of IPB University Lecturers in Marine Science Makes World Top 100 List of Agriculture and Forestry Scientists 2022

Two of IPB University’s lecturers from the Department of Marine Science and Technology have placed within the Top 100 of Agriculture & Forestry Scientists 2022 list, Alper-Doger Scientific Index version. These two lecturers are Prof Dietriech G Bengen and Dr Hawis Madduppa who have both published numerous numbers of scientific publications in various topics within the field of Fisheries and Marine Science.

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Two lecturers of IPB University’s Department of Marine Science and Technology have made their mark in the global scientific platform as they enter the World Top 100 Agriculture & Forestry Scientists 2022 list according to the Alper-Doger Scientific Index. These two lecturers are Prof Dietriech G Bengen and Dr Hawis Madduppa who have been evaluated on productivity and performance effectivity within the last five years based on several indicators including the h-index, i10index, and citations.

As written on the AD Scientific Index on the World Top 100 Agriculture & Forestry Scientists 2022, within the last five years, Prof Dietriech Geoffrey Bengen has a h-index of 23, i10-index of 54 and 2408 citations while Dr Hawis Madduppa has a h-index of 18, i10-index of 41 and 1147 citations. These indicators place Prof Dietriech in 13th place and Dr Hawis in 40th of the World Top 100 Agriculture & Forestry Scientists 2022.

Prof Dietriech, who is also the Head of Editorial Staff for Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis (Translates to: Journal of Tropical Marine Science and Technology), has conducted multiple research projects and published publications in the field of ecology and marine management. He has also been very actively involved in both national and international webinars and trainings. This achievement shows real contributions of lecturers in developing and disseminating science through research results.

While Dr Hawis Madduppa, who is the Head of IPB University’s Department of Marine Science and Technology, has published a respectable number of research results in the field of marine biodiversity, marine biology, population genetics, DNA Barcoding, and Environmental DNA. Dr Hawis is also an active author and educator though social media platforms. On research, Dr Hawis expressed that publication is not only essential in spreading the benefit of knowledge, but also acts as a way in which one can evaluate themselves in writing, conveying results, and scope of research conducted. He further admits that the recent ranking achievement could be used to evaluate and motivate productivity in writing and research publication.